Account
Please wait, authorizing ...

Don't have an account? Register here today.

×

Airports in Latin America: security management, critical infrastructure and the future

Gestión de la seguridad en aeropuertos de Latinoamérica

Security in Latin American air terminals, more than a systematic and careful review of the transport of people and cargo, implies the management of a critical infrastructure for the development of the region.

By Iris Montoya Ricaurte

The development of airport activity in Latin America has the burden of integrating several levels of security into its spaces, this due to the multiple operations that happen in airport spaces at the same time. A relevant factor in the assurance of this operation is that airports are the largest gateway to tourism, as well as immigration and migration from a territory marked by its rugged geography.

According to ECLAC Bulletin 370, a text in which it addresses airport infrastructure in Latin America and the Caribbean, the airport sector is a key element for the competitiveness of this region and its international insertion, "since better air connectivity minimizes costs for passengers, companies and commerce in general, in addition to promoting tourism and foreign direct investment." This publication ensures that the sector represents almost 4.9 million jobs and 153 billion dollars of Latin America's GDP.

- Publicidad -

For José Luis Calderón, a specialist in perimeter protection and critical infrastructure, as well as director at Eximco, the airport should not be seen simply as a large piece of land that protects runways, people and other assets inside, but rather "understand it as a platform of dreams and development, which has an undeniable relationship between the present and the future of countries."

José Luis Calderón

For him, the importance of airports and civil aviation is transcendental for the progress of any territory.

In that sense, the specialist affirms that the management of security in these spaces could be divided into two large parts. First, the needs and everything related to air operation, such as contact with passengers, luggage and package transport; secondly, the protection of the infrastructure, where the critical area stands out, which is where the center of the air operation is, that is, the runways, radars and many other equipment or strategic infrastructures.

Thus, it is possible to conclude that the security needs at airports are very broad in the physical aspect and now in the cyber aspect, since these spaces are also susceptible to cyberattacks.

Critical airport security zones

Susana GallegosSusana Gallegos, regional sales director for Latin America at STid Security, informed us that the operational structure responds to three basic protection circuits:

  1. The exterior circuit, in charge of those responsible for the public, peripheral and road areas of the airport facilities.
  2. The intermediate circuit, where the priority is to prevent and normally work private security personnel, in various services such as entry and exit controls or passport verification.
  3. The interior circuit, which are the areas that protect the aircraft and cargo areas, operated by specialized personnel with automation technology.
- Publicidad -

For Susana in these three circuits we find essential enabling technologies, such as Big Data collection, intelligent energy systems, IOT and Artificial Intelligence. In addition to the specific devices that characterize each space, such as in the outdoor circuit, perimeter protection with access technologies, CCTV, smoke detectors, intrusion and alert systems.

Unmissable in airport security
Manuel Zamudio, Manager of Industrial Associations for Axis in Latin America, explained that first of all there is access control, "with which we should ensure that the right person is in the right place to be." To this I add that there are many specialized technologies, which handle a high number of doors and cards, control of suppliers and visitors in restricted areas. Solutions recently strengthened with biometric systems such as facial and license plate recognition.

Manuel Zamudio

"The access control system is complemented of course by video surveillance systems, allowing not only to detect and recognize, but to identify people, objects and activities, so that risk mitigation, loss prevention, operational optimization, and immediate communication between stakeholders, is as efficient and timely as possible."

In general, for Manuel, "technology is nothing more than a tool that can help the work of security personnel to be adequate, effective and efficient, with a more reliable and economical operation."

From another perspective, José Luis explained to us the close relationship between security devices at airports and laws. "Being an industry linked between all countries, there are international regulations that dictate basic guidelines for the protection of civil aviation." And he insisted that what should not be missing are all the equipment or tools to detect packages, such as x-ray equipment and new technologies, dogs trained to sniff, human personnel, among others.

- Publicidad -

Security strategies for airports
Manuel commented in this regard that "knowing in advance that three pillars are required that must be balanced for a security strategy to work (processes – normativity, regulations, standards, etc., infrastructure – architecture, technology, etc. and human resources – trained, enabled, motivated) and with the certainty that any of them that exceeds the other two, would turn the strategy into something more or less bureaucratic, more or less expensive or more or less slow to implement."

CCTV en aeropuerto

For his part, José Luis assures that "security must be conceived as a strategy, in the case of an airport this strategy must be segmented into different layers". According to this expert "in a security strategy the most common objectives are to deter, stop threats, delay them, detect and evaluate them, for which you use technological, physical and human means".

Iván Durán

For Iván Durán, former director of security at Benito Juárez Mexico City International Airport (AICM), every security strategy for air terminals is based on three points.

The human resource, which must have trained, trained personnel and a great attitude of service towards the passengers. Regulations, understood as the renewal and updating of procedures, policies, standards and slogans so that the security team has the capacity to react immediately. And have the right and updated technologies.

Most common airport security mistakes
For Manuel Zamudio, the errors are summarized in six:

  1. Initiate a management in the design and selection of technologies from the definition of the budget, thinking that all equipment is worth the same.
  2. Marrying with a single technology that, although it can offer ease in administrative issues and compatibility between products of the same brand, usually has limitations in flexibility, scalability, compatibility, costs and technological developments, among others.
  3. Look for the free consultancy. "It is a common vice, where after the probability of being favored with the sale of products and service contracts, someone offers advice at no cost to be able to offer their products. But these are not always aligned with the client's long-term strategies and goals."
  4. Specify by product and not by functionality. For example, "what is the use of asking for a camera that supports vandalism if I am going to place it on a ceiling 9 meters high? Do I require a camera to support immersion in water if I am going to use it inside an airport? Do I want it to withstand sub-zero temperatures in a tropical climate?"
  5. Do the same as others expecting different results
  6. "Work in silos", that is, use all subsystems isolated and with redundant investments instead of unifying them or integrating them into a standardized, compatible, scalable, flexible and upgradable system.

Scaner de objetos en aeropuerto

From Susana's point of view, there are two big mistakes: "First, working only with restrictive technologies. It is important to make a "forecast" of the possible future integrations and anticipate, it is not enough to respond to the urgent problem". To this he adds that some companies use technological "locks" that do not allow autonomy in the medium and long term, in that sense he suggests monitoring the standards of international security organizations, open protocols and chips that have not yet been cloned.

Secondly, do not transfer biometrics to the virtual. "While there is an imminent need for biometric recognition, we can observe that Latin American airports still typically use localized biometric databases, making the flow of critical information vulnerable. New trends are betting on the privacy of personal information." In this sense, he pointed out that the preference is to store biometrics locally and with private encryptions within cards, these being preserved by the user himself.

Airport security personnel
Meanwhile, Iván Durán, indicated that commitment, service and honesty should be the main characteristics of the personnel who are in charge of security at airports. In addition, he warned that security companies have mechanisms to hire their staff, such as confidence exams, polygraphs, socioeconomic exams, confidentiality letters and some internal techniques.

Susana commented in this regard that "it is important that they have specialized knowledge, thanks to years of experience in the field and certifications, whose support provides solid foundations in digital security, risk analysis, monitoring and interpretation of data for the implementation of efficient operations at the airport." Likewise, they must have skills to solve problems related to the human factor and project management, which is the great foundation of digital security.

Technological innovations for security
Manuel told us that one of the most important novelties and trends to consider in video surveillance systems at airports is the 'Edge' concept. "In addition to obtaining suitable images that allow us to process the video of sufficient quality and turn it into useful statistical data, it is necessary to do it in a better way," that is, faster and more efficiently. This can be achieved, for example, by taking advantage of the computing power that IP cameras have.

Víctor Calderón

For his part, Víctor Calderón, sales manager at NVT Phybridge Mexico, said that tests and new implementations such as computed tomography for baggage screening are being carried out. A technology developed for medical purposes that helps display rotating, color-coded, three-dimensional images at airports that are more accurate than traditional scanning machines.

He also added that there are new technologies for body scanning, which allow a total review without the person having to strip off clothing or accessories, reducing the false alarms of yesteryear. In addition to facial recognition, which for Victor is one of the most innovative advances that are being implemented not only in airports, to print baggage tags and also to enter the last waiting or boarding rooms, without the need to show an official identification or other supports.

Airport Security Considerations
Security at airports occupies different layers, technologies and of course must be reflected in a strategy that articulates the different areas and personnel. Being a traffic space that does not usually rest (especially for international airports) you must choose the best devices, useful enough, but at the same time flexible to integrate with others. This is something that applies to physical barriers such as technological installations such as camcorders.

Another factor of utmost importance is the human, because all the technology mentioned by the experts becomes a tool, which, as always, can be given an optimal or inefficient use. Hence the importance of considering the qualities and skills that staff should have.

Finally, the update is another common factor in the issue of airports, as they need to be up to date, due to the type of operation and attacks they can suffer. It is not necessary to install a device every time there is a novelty, if you must have an estimate of the useful life time and the incoming innovations that could solve and avoid problems.

Victor ends this note by saying that "updating or improving a security system in operation is not an easy task and usually involves an extensive time because now there are areas in operation 24/7 and it is not always possible to close certain areas". Thus, the time for the final adjustment is also an issue to consider when you have a system in operation along with the adjustments or improvements that must operate in a synchronized manner and with the same personnel who are currently working in the control room.

Control de perímetro en aeropuertos

Pandemic shock and recovery
It is to be considered that the confinement generated by the Covid-19 pandemic led in 2020 to a global economic crisis, which had air transport among its most notorious affected. According to the Airport Council International for Latin America and the Caribbean (ACI-LAC), more than 700 million passengers were lost in our region in 2020, a drop of 61% compared to 2019.

However, according to an interview held by José Ricardo Botelho, executive director and CEO of the Latin American and Caribbean Air Transport Association (ALTA), with different means earlier this year, air transport in the region shows clear signs of recovery this year. "We are 30% below 2019 levels and 50% above 2020 levels."

For José Ricardo, the region has tremendous potential for aviation and tourism. That is why from ALTA "we continue to communicate the studies carried out that show that aviation is not a vector of contagion and quarantines and closures are not effective, on the contrary, they generate uncertainty and fear in the population, inefficiencies for the industry and large economic losses".

Iris Montoya Ricaurte
Author: Iris Montoya Ricaurte
Editora
Periodista con amplia experiencia en corrección de estilo y generación de contenidos de valor para el sector especializado - imontoya@latinpressinc.com

No thoughts on “Airports in Latin America: security management, critical infrastructure and the future”

• If you're already registered, please log in first. Your email will not be published.

Leave your comment

In reply to Some User
Suscribase Gratis
SUBSCRIBE TO OUR ENGLISH NEWSLETTER
DO YOU NEED A SERVICE OR PRODUCT QUOTE?
LATEST INTERVIEWS

Entrevista con S. Mendes, de ZENITEL, A. Velandia y B. Schreuders de C3 en la Feria ESS+ 2022

Durante la Feria Internacional de Seguridad ESS+ 2022, estuvimos en entrevista con Sergio Mendes, de ZENITEL, así como Andrea Velandia y Bert Schreuders de C3. Ellos nos hablaron de la oferta que ambas compañías presentaron en conjunto en la Feria, una solución de comunicación Andrea nos comentó que para la región de Latinoamérica están haciendo una inmersión a nivel de todas las industrias, pues esta es una región que adopta bastante bien las tendencias de tecnologías, ""implementando sistemas de seguridad mucho más robustos” en donde se cubre el audio, que es la especialidad de Zenitel y C3, por lo que desean “extender la línea de negocio con soluciones eficientes y durables”. Por lado, Bert nos habló de las perspectivas frente al cambio de gobierno en Colombia, pues Zenitel es una marca holandesa con más de 70 años de trayectoria. Él nos indicó que en un evento con la embajada de Países Bajos se comentó que ya que la nueva administración tenía una fuerte inclinación por la educación, naturaleza y medio ambiente, como en seguridad y tecnología, con una promoción en la inversión. Así que para ellos, como compañía extrajera, este cambio político es de momento positivo. Finalmente, Sergio nos explicó que las verticales que mayor beneficio pueden tener en Colombia son la industria farmacéutica, la de manufactura, las instalaciones portuarias y de aeropuertos, además de todas las industrias que ocupen gran infraestructura, en general. Pues son las que necesitan del nivel de robustez, capacidad de integración y calidad de voz que ofrece la marca. También hizo hincapié en que ya hay muchos sistemas ITS de la marca instalados en el país, en espacios como el túnel de la línea.

Entrevista con Isaac Valencia de SISSA DIGITAL en la Feria Internacional de Seguridad ESS+ 2022

En la Feria Internacional de Seguridad ESS+ 2022, pudimos hablar con Isaac Valencia, quien nos comentó que su empresa, SISSA Monitoring, integrador de soluciones tecnológicas llave en mano, tiene una nueva línea de negocios, o empresa hija, SISSA Digital, que retoma el origen de la primera empresa que es el desarrollo de software a la medida. Así pues, el propósito de Isaac, fundador y director general en Sissa Monitoring, fue participar en la feria para dar a conocer esta nueva línea de negocio, que busca “compartir mucha de la experiencia y conocimiento que tienen en el ámbito de la seguridad, a través del desarrollo del desarrollo de plataformas digitales, con otros integradores” en toda América Latina.

Entrevista con Carlos García de Magal Security en la Feria Internacional de Seguridad ESS+ 2022

En las primeras horas de la Feria Internacional de Seguridad ESS+ 2022 en Colombia, tuvimos un espacio de entrevista con Carlos García Almeida, CEO para Latinoamérica en Magal Security Systems, quien nos comentó notaba una buena afluencia de público y nuevas caras, desde el último encuentro al que pudo asistir. Frente a sus propósitos de asistir a la feria nos confirmó que, como integrador para estructuras críticas, busca poder estar en contacto con nuevos proveedores y las innovaciones tecnológicas, en cuanto a las soluciones a las que puede acceder. De la visita en Colombia Carlos destacó que es estratégica para su empresa por la similitud en el idioma y culturalmente. Además, destacó la diferencia entre ambos mercados, como la administración que se hace al sistema carcelario, la generación y distribución de energía o la inversión privada, entre otros. Finalmente, el CEO de Magal nos informó que buscaban tener presencia en el país para participar en los proyectos de infraestructura crítica, en los verticales que tienen interés, provechando un nuevo gobierno que puede impulsar este tipo de intercambios. “Los cambios son buenos, hay que adaptarse. Hay que generar un plan , una expectativa y trabajar sobre ellos”.

Entrevista con Glenn Patrizio de LAR en la Feria Internacional de Seguridad ESS+ 2022

Después de una ausencia de 4 años, pues ese fue el tiempo en que la empresa LAR (Latin America Repgroup) no estuvo en eventos en el territorio de Colombia, su presidente Gleen Patrizio, hizo presencia activa en la Feria Internacional de Seguridad ESS+ 2022 en la ciudad de Bogotá, allí tuvimos la oportunidad de hacerle una entrevista, sobre las perspectivas de su empresa y de la industria. Glenn comentó que invertir en Colombia es estratégico, pues lo considera un territorio importante. Aseguró que el país tiene una necesidad de seguridad evidente, que se confirma con el aumento de las cifras de la delincuencia común, que hace que los diferentes actores, desde gobierno hasta industria, estén invirtiendo de nuevo en mejorar sus sistemas de videovigilancia. Para el presidente de LAR la apuesta es clara. “La inversión de mis fábricas y mi empresa va a ser bastante agresiva en Colombia y toda América Latina”. Con soluciones enfocadas principalmente en seguridad ciudadana y Smart cities, ya que su empresa se encarga de ofertar todas la soluciones que requieren este tipo de proyectos. Ahora bien, del cambio de gobierno afirmó que hay mucha preocupación en el ambiente. Asimismo, indicó que espera que Colombia no vaya a tomar la ruta en la que se ponen trabas y dificultades a la venta de equipos de seguridad y a las importaciones.

Entrevista con Andrés Felipe Ramos de Hikvision en la Feria Internacional de Seguridad ESS+ 2022

En la Feria Internacional de Seguridad ESS+ 2022, tuvimos la oportunidad de entrevistar a Entrevista con Andrés Felipe Ramos, Regional Sales Manager en Hikvision, quien destacó lo importante que es para la marca retomar el contacto físico con clientes que dejaron de ver en persona durante meses e incluso años. Como un resumen de lo que significó el evento, Andrés apunto que, para él, fue la oportunidad ""de volvernos a encontrar, compartir experiencias, hablar sobre las nuevas tecnologías que están en el mercado, las tendencias y cómo este proceso que pasamos de la pandemia nos cambió un poco, e impactó el mercado seguridad. Nos ayudó a evolucionar para llegar a cubrir otras necesidades que de pronto no teníamos presentes. Todos estos cambios han servido para bien"". Además, afirmó que la novedad de este año fue confirmar que el usuario final se acerca y se interesa más para conocer cuáles son las tendencias del mercado, en cuanto a tecnología, de primera mano. Con gran afluencia de clientes del sector de la infraestructura crítica. Finalmente, Andrés compartió que lo que Hikvision expuso durante su solución de las cámaras alimentadas con energía solar, en un paquete todo en uno que incluye los paneles, baterías y todo lo que se precisa para la instalación.
Load more...
SITE SPONSORS










LATEST NEWSLETTER
Latest Newsletter